There are in the world two types of men who have two distinct attitudes towards life, some men always look to the bright side of life ,they are full of hope and are not easily cowed by disapointment and failure in life. They are the optimist. And they are others who always look to the seamy side of life.they are full of disgust with life .they would put wrong construction on every little incident of life and read into the curse of god.they are pessimist.an optinist is sometimes defined as one who believes that this worldis the best of all possible worlds . while a pessimists is described as one who believes that this world is the worst of all possible world.
In every age and every land , there have been optimists as well as pessimists in every literature , these two views on life have developed and expressed themselves in different accents . but if we read a right story of the world , we find that in some nations optimism is the dominant note ,while others develop a pessimistic bias.
Iqbal ,has been pointed out ,has been profoundly influenced by the philosophy of the great German poet philosopher ,Goethe . optimism; it always triumph over pessimism and cynicism. The famous German philosopher Leibnitz was the first to express in philosophical terms the optimistic view to life , and Schopenhauer was the first German philosopher in the West to built his philosophy on pessimism .In their philosophical bearings. He concludes the inquiry with the remark that optimism and pessimism are deep rooted tendencies of the human mind and that both are needed for social uplift, the former pointing to an ideal and the letter critically examining the means to that end.
In our view , optimism is two kind ; first , there is the easy , self complacent variety of optimism which always foolishly believes that something good will finally come out of evil . Those who hold this kind of optimism view on life often say that whatever god does he does the best .
Secondly, there is the reasoned types of optimism, founded on discretion and wisdom. Careful consideration of consideration fact and balanced conclusion reached in the end. The second types of optimism characterizes as a wise man’s attitude towards life.
At the conclusion of the first world war in 1918, when the league of nation was set up , people become optimistic about the future of the world ; they thought that eternal life would dawn . with the declaration or the second war in 1939 , people relapsed into pessimism and lost faith in the league of nation . again, with the setting up of the United Nation Organization , the nation of the world , great and small , are in the full tide of faith and hope and optimism . Hopes with fears, joys with sorrow. Life is , in fact , a long struggle ; dark and difficult is the ways .
The crown of success is at the journey’s end . Optimism and pessimism are , indeed , relative term ; one cannot exist without something of the other. The sufferings of misfortune drive the weaker mind into pessimism ; and the pessimist votes life a failure . but the stronger folk in the world are in majority ; they look facts in the face , weigh them into balance and at the long last developed the reasoned optimism, which is to them a source of never – failing strength and inspiration , if possible, best is the optimist’s constant urge as well as aspiration