We are living in an age of science.Now we will see the producth of science, at home, abroad, in the street, market and pleasure house, the evidence of science is universal.Science has changed life in many important ways. If our ancestors were to visit our world. Science has shaped our ways of living. We see the effects of science more clearly in our means of transport and communications, railways, aeroplanes; radios. These all, are some of the most common gifts of science to mankind.
In days before science, people lived different lives. They were at the mercy of the elements of nature. Earth, air, fire and water were worshipped a gods because they ruled the life most powerfully.We were afraid of these element. We were helpless when floods came or when tempests set in. in other words mankind would not know the law of nature and not knowing these law, they were unable to govern nature. It is only by laws that anything is ruled., controlled and governed. Not until man discovered these laws of nature. When we apply these laws to produce things, we call this method and technology. Our world today is most definitely shaped by science and technology.
Science is product of reason. It is the enemy of superstition and sentiment. It is concerned with discovery of the cause of things. In anything happens the scientists begin to find out how it came about. In the absence of science, people gave fanciful reason for such happenings. If a person suffering from fever, students of medical science find out the cause of this fever by studying the physiology of human bodies. And so is with several other aspect of our life.
Science, therefore, means, systematic knowledge of cause. Science does not depend upon the use of our sense. Our sense are limited in their range and capacity. For exemple we do not see with our eyes how water is formed. It is using by instruments that we came to know that it is made up of oxygen and hydrogen. The instruments for observing measuring and analyzing are the means by which science proceeds to find out to true nature of things.
It is imposible to exaggrate the importance of science. It is greatest importance is seen in the control of natursl forces, and in the use of these for raising our standards of living. Even for bare mention of the brances of science it is enough to tell us how valuable is the contribution of science. Physics, chemistry, Biology, botany, medical science, Engineering, technology, Astronomy, and Mathematics are some of the most importance brances of science. And nowadays we have gained a good deal from the aplication of scientific methodes in the study of the subjects. So the physical, mental, moral and social sciences together from the a body knowledge which we apply in making life confortable, prosperous and happy.
If i were a poet i would sing the song of the science and it giftsto mankind. I would say that science has given eyes to the blind., ears to the deaf and speech to the dumb. It has freed us from epidemics like plague, cholera andsmall pox. It has freed our fields and gardens from pest and sterility. It has lengthened the duration of individual human life. It has increased production of all sort of goods. It has bridged rivers and controlled floods and famines. It has conquered distances. We have conquered space and time. We can communicate with the remotest corner of the earth. We can fly like bird and swim like fish. We can tame deserts and turn them into green fields and gaedens. We can bring wasteland under cultivation. We can bring light from the heavens. We can build huge powerhouses, which supply electricity. We can equip factories in such a way that all that we need can be manufactured there in.
By appliying scientific dicoveeries to agriculture and industry, we can remove poverty, ignorance and disease. We can educate everyone and give them means of enriching their lives. In sort, science can be use to create all the wealth we need.
These are some of the physical and material of the advantages we get from science and it is aplication of life. But there is still more important value of science. It is the gift of mental freedom. This is its greatest of the mankind. Science frees our minds from the bondage of superstition and ignorance. Our mind be ignorance, which is our chief enemy. Knowledge gives power. Igrnorance causes weakness. We suffer when we are ignorant. We enjoy when we know. The habits of reasoning., inquring and questioningis the greatest gift of science. It is this dispassionate, rational outlook, which tell us the causes of all things. This is emancipation of the humand mind from the error of ignorance. We see clearly when we think scintifically. We do this when we control our passion, prejudices, and sentiments. I do not suggest that passion is not good or important. They are so. But we must not use them in knowing things. We will never know the truth of things unless we see them dispassionately. It is the clear light of reason that show the truth of things.
Science, thus, is blessing to mankind. It increases our power over nature and helps us to raise our standard of life. The world of science is world of order, effeciency and plenty. It frees us from wants by supplying our need. In addition, it makes our mind free from our superstition, prejudice and passion. In this way, science givves us both phisycal and mental benefits. Our bodies as as our mind become fed and developed. Wecan live a very confortable life with benefits of science.
But the science has danger. We are not merely bodies and minds. We are spirit and soul as well as bodies and minds. We fell and imagine and dream as well as chat, sleep reason and think. It is precisely because we have hearts and souls that we are truly human. We are man with sparks of the divine soul in our make up. Unless we live a life in which hearts and soul are fed and developed equally with our bodies, we will be come at best well fed and well clothed, two legged animals. Now how does science affect our heart and soul?
To put it simply, science stares our hearts and souls. The reason for this are that science can not work unless feelings and passion are completely controlled. Our hearts do not get any exercises when we become scintific in our outlook. It is law of life that those part, which are not exercised, will grow weak and may be even destroyed. So it is our hearth and soul in a world ruled by science. That is why religious and beliefs become discredited in the world of science. Our faith in god and spirit becomes weak and finaly destroyed.We develop our heads and brains and we weaken our heart and soul. This great tragedy. Such thingsas kidness, love, devotion, worship, and compassion do not develop in a world which is wholly given to science. This accounts for the misery of mankind even today.
Science and reason tell us that we can and do create wealth. But we see that even in our world of science there is widespread poverty and suffering. Not only this, we are today in the grip of a very terrible fear. We are terrible afraid of atomic wars.Why should we be thus afraid? Because men are drunk with power which science has given them. Power born of science is dangerous if it is not rulled by love, wisdom and compassion. Power without wisdom is tyranny. It is dangerous to give sharp weapon in the hands of an ignorant or foolish baby. Men without religion and love are such babies. They are grants in power and abuse their power like grants. It is a terrible thing to think ofthis state of affairs. Yes it is true picture of our age and of science. Some one said that the scientist produces and aero plane, but the monkey in use takes charge of it is driving! This is a good description of the world of science, which does not value such things as goodness, love and wisdom.
We do not mean by this that science must be stopped. It can not be done even if we wish to do so. But we do mean that that power born of science must be conrolled and used for the benefit of mankind. If we do not do this, we will worse than we were in days before science. We must organize power and use it for good purpose. But we must first see that power and is not generated before we are sure of it is use for good purpose.What is the use of doing everything scientifically. Is fighting and killing scientifically is also included in it? This is in fact what we are doing in this age of science. We kill most scientifically. We prepare atomic bombs, which are very scientific in destruction. Unless we learn to use power creatively, we must not let science produce any power at all.
So the importance of science is granted on all hands. There is no doubt that science can make our world heavenly. It can turn our earth into paradise. It can control nature and create great power and wealth. But it is lasting equally important to train and control human nature, which is to use power, created by science. So we must develop our moral political and social sciences along with our physical and and biological science. This is the only solution for the problems created by science. Science, physical science, creates power but it also creates problems. These problems are problems of war and domination. We can meet and solve these problems only by training our hearts and soul along with our brains and bodies. Only when we have done this we can say that science is a blessing.